“Repent, for the Kingdom of God is at hand/nearby/right here/among you/in your midst/within.” –an expanded translation of the meaning of what Yeshua/Jesus said about beginning to change one’s life and seek the Creator.
We now come to a very hard word for our ears to hear and our Post-modern minds to accept: Repentance. This word is encrusted with religious connotations which our culture has generally rejected. There is no substitute or synonym which conveys its basically simple meaning without all the baggage rife with religious judgmentalist connotations. It is not the same as sorrow or regret or remorse, which are basically passive responses. To “get it” we have to revert to etymology and the New Testament (koine) Greek word it translates so poorly.
The English word is imported from French – (se) repentir, la repentance – which in turn is derived from Latin poenitere. The prefix “re-“ refers to a repeated action, not a single one. The French pentir(e) refers to a leaning posture. Thus repent(ir) is to turn or change a direction to its opposite, to turn back, to turn around. The Latin is very close in meaning to the Greek verb – metaneō – to turn (right) around, to go in the opposite direction. The French originally retained the sense of the Latin, having been directly derived from it. The English is thus third-hand and, as we noted, has morphed into a caricature of the original.
Repentance is therefore an action, an active, ongoing posture. It is not a one-and-done deal, although it must begin sometime, somewhere with a positive decision, followed by the act of turning away from the destructive way to the positive, life-giving way.
The English word “sin” comes from Old English and its Saxon roots. Its meaning is the same as that of words in other languages designating a religious and/or moral violation which offends God or the gods. The Greek word is hamartia, and, while it means “sin” it denotes and connotes “missing the mark/target”, falling short of the desired goal. Thus, it is not exclusively about religious or moral fault.
Why belabour the semantics of words which are out of vogue and are among the new “four-letter words” in our brave new progressive West? (Meanwhile, the old “four-letter words” have become cultural mainstream.) Simply, our relegation of such things to the dim fringe of our language and conceptual framework is one more symptom of our deliberate cultural and moral impoverishment.
Do we really have to talk about “sin” and “repentance”? Who today believes people are “sinners” other than religious fanatics? As for moral standards, we all know they are quite malleable and can be legislated to suit the newest and latest research from psychology, anthropology, sociology, and moral philosophy – or even bio-genetics, physics, and chemistry. Moral guilt? I suppose we still need some semblance of that to assign blame for anti-social acts. But an anti-social act is itself conceptually a changeable thing according to evolving popular standards. Heck! Professors professing the wrong set of ideas in university, or even playing devil’s advocate in a discussion, may be guilty of anti-social acts these days! (So much for the great commission of the universities to explore truth with some sort of objectivity!)
Meanwhile, in the back reaches of our souls, the little inner voice still whispers, “But you know you are a sinner, that you have been and are immoral. You know there really are right and wrong things, things in your mind and that you actually do which really should change, however much they can be rationalized and temporized by your own inclinations and the wink-winking of society.”
The debate within goes on, poked alive from time to time – maybe by one of those religious-types or some passing reference in a show or a book or a magazine. Old terms like “(in)equity” and “(in)justice” still evoke moral outrage, whatever they may now be directed at.
And then the “celestial spark” flares up at you and irritates you: “When you took that little thing at work, you know it was stealing, eh? When you lied that little black lie to your partner or your boss to cover up, it was a lie. When you tell yourself your drinking, recreational drug-use, gambling, and porn “dabbling” are not really hurting anyone else, you know damn well that’s so untrue. When you go out on another shopping binge and spend way beyond your discretionary spending budget, you know it just ain’t right or fair and everyone else in the family will suffer for it. When you habitually gorge on junk-food as some sort of emotional therapy, underneath you know how bad it is for your health, and that you will pay for it, and so will those who have to care for you. And, in all this stuff, everyone else pays for your guilty conscience’s desperate gymnastics and your manipulative antics to justify and bury your – um, er, gulp – sins!”
This litany is not my way of saying I am more righteous than anyone else. The reason I can make the list is that I am well-acquainted with sin myself, and with some of the things on that list. But denying that they make me feel guilty (just another way of saying they spur my conscience into appropriate reaction) will never give me peace or help me change. For that, well, there’s only one road out – get ready for it! – Repentance!
I suspect that a great many of us here in the West will not even be able to accept that this primal need is more than a sort of vague cultural memory that can be dismissed out of hand, or at least by procrastination and neglect and rereading/rehearing all the rant and cant against subservience to religious claptrap. But if we accept that this old concept still lives in our hearts and souls because it is a reality, however hard we have worked to bury it, we then have to come to terms with how we actually go about it – this “turning right around to go in another, radically different direction” so that we can really begin to change and experience a new way of living at peace with ourselves, our loved ones, and the world.
Perhaps a recent and very powerful historical illustration will help. I speak of Germany.
Absurd Holocaust denial aside (yet millions still buy the Big Lie that it never happened, or that it didn’t happen on anything like the scale all the historical records declare), the whole word is aware of the unspeakable crimes of the Nazi regime in Germany between 1933-45, aided and abetted by a great many accomplices in other states of Europe, whether directly ruled by the Germans or coerced. Six million Jews and as many more other “subhumans” (Romani, gays, disabled, etc.) died in extermination camps or by massacre or execution. Tens of millions more were killed by deliberate policy of reprisal, starvation, deportation, intimidation, etc.
We now know that the fable that the ordinary German populace did not know, or knew little, about what was going on is mostly bunk. It is easy to judge from the outside that they should have stood up to oppose this horrendous and monstrous action, that the Army should have taken action to stop it and punish the SS and perpetrators. However, we don’t have to look far afield to find numerous examples of bystanders looking the other way while terrible things are done right under our noses. Fear and the desire for personal peace (“just stay out of it!”) keep mouths shut. It is costly to step in to confront injustice and just plain old evil. You may very well end up the next victim.
World War 2 ended and some of the worst war criminals were tried and executed by the Allied victors. Others vanished, while still others were quietly slipped into the shadows to serve the new masters who wanted their expertise to use against new enemies. A great many minor players just blended back into the general population, hoping to remain more or less invisible.
But in Germany, after a decade or so, a remarkable thing began to happen, and it lives in that nation still. There was a real, genuine, national repentance!
TO BE CONTINUED
2 thoughts on “Inconvenient Conscience, 7 – Turning Around, 3 – Repentance”
This was a WOW blog, Vince. Excellent! I can hardly wait for the next one.
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Thank you, Kathleen. Appreciate your faithful readership.
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